Project 2, Exercise 2, Re-contextualising images.

‘Collage combines pre-existing images to create new meanings, by cutting out,
overlaying or juxtaposing different images together’

Creative Arts today’ P119

I love collage and I try to use it quite a bit in my letter writing work. Apart from my favourites which are Hannah Hoch and Richard Hamilton, I set about looking for other artists to research.

hannah-hoch-little-sun-1969

Hannah Höch, Little Sun, 1969

 accessed from- http://www.theartsdesk.com/visual-arts/hannah-h%C3%B6ch-whitechapel-gallery– 16th January 2017

Just what was it that made yesterday's homes so different, so appealing? (upgrade) 2004 by Richard Hamilton 1922-2011

Just what was it that made yesterday’s homes so different, so appealing? (upgrade) 2004

© Richard Hamilton 2016. All rights reserved, DACS- accessed from- http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/richard-hamilton-1244– 16th January 2017

John Heartfield

I hadn’t seen John Heartfield’s work before and I was shocked but also pleased that I researched him as it is still so powerful all these years later. I feel bad for not knowing as much as I thought I did about Dadaism and now I think after reading all about him he is on my favourites list.

‘His stunning political art became famous on both sides of the Atlantic as courageous effective artistic weapons that revealed, satirised, and opposed the worldwide threat of fascism and The Nazi Party.

From his early work as fledgling painter to his embrace of Dada to the anti-fascist montages that made him a Nazi target, Heartfield’s life and work was a profile in courage.

This artist who openly attacked the Nazi Party while living in Berlin was five-foot-two inches tall, with red hair and blue eyes. His art was “a weapon.” Its ammunition was his imagination, scissors, glue pots, dabs of paint, and stacks of photographs and magazine articles. His montages conveyed moral, not literal, truths. The power of his images earned him the number five slot on the Gestapo’s Most Wanted List.

An Excerpt From David King’s book, “John Heartfield, The Devastating Power Of Laughter” describing the 1933 Easter Sunday Evening when Hitler’s jackboots came for John Heartfield.

“Berlin, April 14, 1933: They came for him in the night. The paramilitary SS burst into the apartment block and headed straight for the raised ground floor studio where John Heartfield was in the middle of packing up his artwork, knowing that his only chance left of survival was a life in exile; he was on their most wanted list. Hearing them dislocating his heavy wooden door, he dived through his french windows and leapt over the balcony into the darkness. He landed badly and sprained his ankle. The Nazis made a flashlight sweep search of the darkened courtyard below yet failed to focus on an old metal bin in the far corner on which were displayed some enamel signs, the sort that advertise motor oil, or soap, or an aperitif. Under its battered lid, one of Hitler’s greatest enemies, far from having vanished into the ether, crouched in torment, squashed in a box full of the local residents’ garbage. For the next seven hours he hid there, toughing it out as he heard the nightmare sounds of the barbarians ransacking his studio and destroying his work.

When the raid was over, Heartfield quietly and unobtrusively opened the lid, climbed out of the bin, exited the courtyard and began his nerve-racking flight to Prague. Germany was now enemy territory, there was a high price on his head and he had nothing.”

http://www.johnheartfield.com/John-Heartfield-Exhibition/helmut-herzfeld-john-heartfield/artist-john-heartfield-biography– accessed 12th January 2017

1928-five-fingers

Five fingers has the hand.

John Heartfield Political Poster. 1928

Berlin, Germany

http://www.johnheartfield.com/John-Heartfield-Exhibition/– 13th January 2017

 

1931-spd-crisis

AIZ (Arbeiter–Illustrierte–Zeitung) 1931

Berlin, Germany

http://www.johnheartfield.com/John-Heartfield-Exhibition/– 13th January 2017

 

1927-rationalization-march

“Rationalisation Is On The March!”

http://www.johnheartfield.com/John-Heartfield-Exhibition/– 13th January 2017

They are really interesting and to see all the different ways he has expressed his meaning and the images he has used. They all make sense and I would never have thought about using these images to convey what I wanted like he has.

You can read more about him on the website his grandson is curating of his work.

http://www.johnheartfield.com/John-Heartfield-Exhibition/

Raoul Hausmann

‘Raoul Hausmann (July 12, 1886 – February 1, 1971) was an Austrian artist and writer. One of the key figures in Berlin Dada, his experimental photographic collages, sound poetry and institutional critiques would have a profound influence on the European Avant-Garde in the aftermath of World War I’

http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/raoul-hausmann-1254– Accessed 14th January 2017

The Art Critic 1919-20 by Raoul Hausmann 1886-1971

The Art Critic 1919–20
Der Kunstkritiker
Lithograph and printed paper on paper
http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/hausmann-the-art-critic-t01918– accessed 13th January 2017

I have a funny feeling I have seen his work at the Tate in Liverpool. Either that or I have had a postcard of this image at one time. I really like his stuff and the different bits he uses, which are very simple, paper cutting and moving and sticking.

abcd-hausmann

ABCD (Self-portrait) A photo montage from 1923–24

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raoul_Hausmann– accessed 16th January 2017kp_erioum-hausmann

The phoneme kp’ erioUM. 1919

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raoul_Hausmann– accessed 16th January 2017

It is simple but has a big impact. He seems to work in the same colours and style, using the same fonts and lines or goes the other way and just uses letters instead of imagery. I like him.

Barry Martin 1943- 

Movement Collage 1965 by Barry Martin born 1943

Movement collage 1965

http://www.barrymartin.co.uk– Accessed 16th January 2017

I like this style of collage as it is taking images that have been found or torn out of magazines and placed in a certain way to create a story. I like the torn aspect of collage making and that it doesn’t have to be neat and it can start to be built up from many pieces. There are so many more I like but I will be here forever with them so on to my collage that I made.

The current news at this time in the world is all centred around Donald Trump and his impending presidency, mixed with Brexit on top of all that. He is to be inaugurated on Friday the 20th January and it is all I am hearing and seeing. Apart from this I don’t really read newspapers anymore so actually glancing through one to pick images to use I saw a story about sea salmon being attacked by sea lice. The idea I am trying to show is that everyday when I wake up- hence the bed in the background, I hear constant Trump this, Trump that, then Brexit this and Brexit that. There was a big storm along the East coast of England last week and weather warnings a plenty. I think all this information I constantly see and hear is like a giant weather warning,  violently washing stuff into the sea only for it to all come back out again in an even bigger wave. The wave brings it all back until it is sorted out which inevitably it never will be- see the lighthouse- then the next wave comes. The sea lice were added as a ridiculous afterthought, mainly at how ridiculous the whole world is now.

img_20170116_0001
© Emma Graney

I really like collage making and it is one of my favourite things to do. The finding of the images, the ripping and gluing down. I hope to get better at it as time goes on and I have enjoyed looking into the many ways of how to do this.

Further readings-

http://www.anothermag.com/art-photography/3318/top-10-collage-artists-hannah-hoch-to-man-ray– accessed 16th January 2017

http://www.tate.org.uk/learn/online-resources/glossary/c/collage– accessed 16th January 2017

http://www.itsnicethat.com/articles/collage-artists-instagram-160616– accessed 16th January 2017

All websites and links accessed 12th-16th January 2017- consecutively.

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