Category: Project 1

Project 1- The Life Cycle of Textiles and Materials.

Stages of textile product life cycle.

1. Agriculture/raw fibre production- growing the products that you want and need for use.


‘The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.’– accessed 12th June 2017.


‘(of a material or substance) in its natural state; unprocessed.’ 12th June 2017.


‘A thread or filament from which a vegetable tissue, mineral substance, or textile is formed.’

‘The growing of the product and the creation of what it is you want to grow and want to make.’– accessed 12th June 2017.


‘The action of making or manufacturing from components or raw materials, or the process of being so manufactured.’– accessed 12th June 2017.

shearing-9 12th June 2017.

2. Ginning- collecting the product?


‘to clear (cotton) of seeds with a gin.’ 12th June 2017.

‘A machine for separating the fibres of cotton from the seeds.’ 12th June 2017.

‘A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibres from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation. The fibres are then processed into various cotton goods such as linens, while any undamaged cotton is used largely for textiles like clothing. Seeds may be used to grow more cotton or to produce cottonseed oil.’– accessed 12th June 2017.

Well, I didn’t know that.

memphis_cotton_ginning_time_tif 12th June 2017.

3. Spinning- spinning the material into a thread?spinning cotton on a bobbin?


‘The action or process of spinning; the conversion of fibres into yarn.’ 12th June 2017.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA–   -accessed 12th June 2017.

4. Weaving- weaving a pattern into a piece of fabric, cloth. Weaving a rug, a tapestry?


‘(fabric or a fabric item) by interlacing long threads passing in one direction with others at a right angle to them.’ 12th June 2017.

maz_weaving 013_lg 12th June 2017.

5. Processing- dying fabrics, making it into an item, a shirt, dress?

‘A systematic series of mechanised or chemical operations that are performed in order to produce something.’ 12th June 2017.

th– accessed 12th June 2017.

6. Stitching- sewing on buttons, sewing together, all various parts of a finished item need to be stitched.

‘A row of stitches sewn on to cloth., The action or work of stitching or sewing.’ 12th June 2017.

blue-stitch 12th June 2017.

7. Distribution/retail- being taken to shops and buyers, put on sale in shops, in big quantities.


‘The action of sharing something out among a number of recipients’ 12th June 2017.


‘The sale of goods to the public in relatively small quantities for use or consumption rather than for resale.’ 12th June 2017.

authorization-for-Distribution-1 12th June 2017.

8. Use/consumption and end of life- item is used, sat on, worn, walked on, maybe fixed over time and parts replaced. Once it is of no use it is either put in the bin-landfill or recycled- made into something else or used as a cloth round the house depending on what it is.


‘The action of using up a resource.’ 12th June 2017.


‘Take or consume (an amount) from a limited supply.’ 12th June 2017.

End of Life-

‘Spend the final part of one’s life in a specified place or state’

In this case it’s a product.’s_days_(or_life)-accessed 12th June 2017.

landfill-1-537x402 12th June 2017.


Research Point- Dealing With The Flood.

After reading the article ‘Dealing with the Flood’ by Gareth Dent I came to the conclusion that at one time in my life I did contribute to the flood of imagery on the internet.

I have always taken pictures from a young age. I always wanted to be a photographer. I wanted to go to journalism college and learn about storytelling and photojournalism as I thought myself as a kind of Don McCullin from the North of England. This never materialised but after going to college to study photography I started to learn more and see images as a way of work and to exhibit. This is what I was taught to do.

After years of doing so whilst working full time in a completely different field, I stopped taking photographs of life around me, family and friends and started to just make work for works sake, commercial, exhibitions and then going into business photographing weddings. I never really thought of my impact in creating images and the sheer amount as they were for work and other people as it was my job.

Before I came off Facebook four years ago, I noticed when downloading my data before deleting, that I had over 2000 images of mainly school times, the odd wedding image and pictures of the garden, nights out, gigs, mainly my whole early teens and 20’s on show amongst others. The ones I wanted I kept, but these were actual printed images I had scanned, so I took some trouble there at least. The rest I deleted. I thought at the time, why have I taken a picture of the greenhouse and shared it? Why is there a picture of a shoe? Why did I think anybody really was interested?

Instagram then swiftly arrived and I loved it, seeing and discovering all the different accounts, the pictures of everyday things, the social and shared interest value and I embraced it. Sharing pictures of my cats, my letters I wrote and received, things I saw, anything. This was all ok at first but in recent years I have found that I just don’t post as much unless it is relevant to something I am doing or I want to show. I think you can get swallowed up in a world of endless images and pictures and constant sharing and it can be overload. The whole premise of it became too polished and then it became an actual job for some, running and building businesses off their images and profiles.

The purpose I have found to use social media to share images is of the things I see and do and things that are of interest such as architecture, 1970’s odd charity shop finds and my work. I have made some good friends on there and even met my boyfriend so its not all bad, however I do think not sharing as much anymore has its benefits. I have retired from full time photography as my eyesight is poor plus as I mentioned in a previous post I just fell out of love for it. Taking myself away and deciding that I will just do what I want and photograph what I like has worked, so invariably the flood stopped but started again recently but in a cataloguing way as I am now trying to build an archive of my past work that will be 20 years in the making.


 Jesse Alexander –24 Hours of Photographs by Erik Kessels.– accessed 2nd April 2017.

I do think that photography is devalued within some realms of social media. The oversharing aspect of the same thing, peoples children, dinners, the business aspect of too much information adding a new take on an egg butty. But by photographing it as ‘Free range, freshly laid this morning hens eggs from my garden, made into a delicious sandwich, on artisan hand made brown bread with freshly made mayonnaise and butter, added hand picked cress with a dash of sea salt. All served on a slate, with garnish under which sits my rustic oak table. It is a butty or is it art?

I liked this quote in the piece that Alec Soth  quoted from Robert Frank in his talk ‘The Current State of the Photobook’;

“There are too many images, too many cameras now. We’re all being watched. It gets sillier and sillier. As if all action is meaningful. Nothing is really all that special. It’s just life. If all moments are recorded, then nothing is beautiful and maybe photography isn’t an art any more. Maybe it never was.”

I agree and have in recent years taken this on board due to the un-fathoming amount of pictures I have deleted over time of stuff that is just not important or part of any social realm, especially as you can now just do this in the world of digital. I noticed this when I drove down to Portsmouth last month. The motorway sidings where full of blossom as it was early spring, the sun was out, there were sign posts with silly names on them, alsorts of weird motorway trip things but I remembered them as I was driving and concentrating on my surroundings more. I couldn’t take pictures and neither did I want to. I had to cut down for myself, as yes I still take pictures but for me and to then use to illustrate things I have written about on my blogs as I have done for over seven years. I prefer it like this.

Project 1, Exercise 2, Photo Album.

I chose these two images from when I was a wedding photographer nearly six years ago now. I took this picture quite late on in the day of two girls playing with a bubble machine outside. It wasn’t a timed picture and I focused on the bubbles as the light was nice and I knew the girls would be playing behind the image. I always thought it was quite a painterly image with the background, the colours and the subject.


The second picture is from a church wedding. This wasn’t accidental. The early part of 2009 onwards in both wedding photography and commercial saw a surge in alternative images, alternative photographers, ridiculous filters over pictures, Hipstamatic apping your every move. You name it, it was done and we all did it. One thing that seemed to be around was cutting off the heads of the guests and couples in their wedding images. My mum said to me once she saw this that it was terrible and ‘You have cut their heads off!’ I knew I had done this and I did it on purpose. I was focusing on the aisle flowers and I just thought oh well I will carry on and use it. Looking at it again almost four years later I have warmed to it , but it is never going to be timeless or album worthy.  I like the difference in the guests outfits more. The bags on the seat and the similar stance. What side where they on, who knew who? This is what intrigued me more at weddings with the whole social structure that was brought together for the day, but that is for another time.


The third picture I have chosen is probably more nostalgia based than artistic. It is a picture of me aged around 5, patting a horse in Norfolk on a family holiday. I remember telling my sister he was called Neddy. I think to me it is like a painting of a time that you can never revisit. I remember the T shirt more than the holiday as it had pandas on it. I think these images of childhood are important as everything was so much simpler, pictures were just taken and then developed and put in an album.


Project 1, Exercise 1-The Photographers Eye.


‘John Szarkowski (December 18, 1925 – July 7, 2007) was a photographer, curator, historian, and critic. From 1962 to 1991 Szarkowski was the Director of Photography at New York’s Museum of Modern Art.’– accessed 23rd March 2017.

Again I have never come across this book before. When I was first studying photography, it was all Ansel Adams and basically being left with large format to work it all out on your own and see what happened.

On further brief reading, The Photographers Eye looks at the five elements that define the differences between photography and art. I have tried to work out what these mean to me rather than what the author thinks as it would be far too much over spill into technical bits and pieces and I just haven’t got the brain space anymore to listen to it.

The Thing Itself –  What the image is,  is it a photograph of a picture? is it a drawing? can the two be mixed together?

The Detail – The cleanness of the image? The way in which the picture is taken? The fact that once taken the image is real? It exists?

The Frame–  The rule of thirds? The way in which pictures are composed and how they are seen and viewed. Framing an image the way you want it to be seen.

The Time– The thinking that photographs are pieces of art from a certain time. You have taken  a picture that is there on film forever. These days on digital you can delete instantly, not the same as getting pictures developed and then ripping them up as they are no good or putting them in the not bothered pile for a few years. Past, present and future is a big thing in photography.

Vantage Point– The feeling that as the picture taker you are trusting your own judgement on the images you want to take and how you want to take it and how it is seen.

I fell out of love with photography for a long time. I found that working in a field of photography I wasn’t happy with sucked out my confidence and the desire to create art and projects. It has only really been in the past year I have found my old rhythm of creating work for me that may be of interest to someone else at some point down the line.I always used to work like this and had a lot of different projects on the go and personal things to photograph but never finished them, which is fine as I like things to be ongoing. The word ‘photographer’ when asked what it is you do started to grind on me as ‘Oh everybody is a photographer nowadays’ was usually the reply I got. Now I am not bothered. I watched Britain in Focus on Sunday night and the same things were said about the past and future of photography and lots about the love/hate relationship with it. Presented by Eamonn McCabe  I was most interested in Peter Mitchell – interview by Martin Parr HERE as he was somebody along with Tom Wood who I really admired at art college and still do.

You can watch Britain in Focus HERE and there is an exhibition of the series at The National Science and Media Museum in Bradford from 17th March to the 25th June 2017. I hope to be able to go up and see it.

A great series of artist profiles-This is my favourite of Tom Wood- accessed 23rd March 2017.

Research point- The Pencil of Nature.

‘The Pencil of Nature, published in six instalments between 1844 and 1846, was the “first photographically illustrated book to be commercially published” or “the first commercially published book illustrated with photographs” It was wholly executed by the new art of Photogenic Drawing, without any aid whatever from the artist’s pencil and regarded as an important and influential work.  Written by William Henry Fox Talbot, the book detailed Talbot’s development of the calotype process and included 24 calotype prints, each one pasted in by hand, illustrating some of the possible applications of the new technology. Since photography was still very much a novelty and many people remained unfamiliar with the concept, Talbot felt compelled to insert the following notice into his book:

‘The plates of the present work are impressed by the agency of Light alone, without any aid whatever from the artist’s pencil. They are the sun-pictures themselves, and not, as some persons have imagined, engravings in imitation.’


Adapted from –– accessed 23rd February 2017.

I already feel bad for not having ever heard of this before. I never touched on it for my HNC and I feel rotten now. I feel even worse having looked at this;

‘The Calotype, or ‘Talbotype’, was a refinement of the process of photogenic drawing, offering a much more sensitive medium through its use of the latent image phenomenon. It was invented by Fox Talbot in September 1840 and patented on the 8th of February 1841. While it was never remotely competitive in the commercial sphere (although Talbot and Nicolaas Henneman (1813-1898) used it as the basis of their photographic business at Reading), it was offered as the chief alternative to the Daguerreotype and was more attractive to amateurs, artists, and scientists, who adopted it widely’

Adapted from –– accessed 23rd February 2017.

The Talbotype! What have I been doing all these years? Reading more into this new world I have never heard of, I am very excited by it and intrigued.








Accessed from-Glasgow University Special Collections Library-– 6th February 2017.

Project 1, Exercise 1, Identifying Visual Communications.

Persuasive visual communication aims to convince, entice or direct the viewer for commercial, political or social ends. It relies on the viewer to make their own decisions about what they have seen and how they interpret it. Persuasion communication can go both ways, it can be good for changing a persons mind about something they do,use, eat or believe or it can be used to teach about new or bad ways of thinking, that are the opposite.



Bing Image Search accessed 28th December 2016

Delivering information through communication is everywhere. From road signs, shop signs, book covers, magazines, maps, leaflets. It is presented in ways that make people understand. The use of illustrations around the subject are usually present and give the viewer more to go off through thought and imagination.

original– Accessed 15th December 2016

festival-of-britain-map1951– accessed 12th December 2016

batmobile-manual-1– Accessed 28th December 2016

Alternative messages and ways of communication especially over the past few years has had a resurgence. The popularity of DIY culture and their communities give voices to movements and protests, quickly and easily. They evoke feelings that can be related to and that people want to be a part of. The involvement,the making, the seeing and the distributing is all important and is used widely.

cb07 20th December 2016

5579031133_c780f95a36– accessed 13th December 2016

rgminizine001_custom-eb09ec7abd43cd7c9b1bf7649d3b27b8eb50fe71-s6-c30 Accessed 1st January 2017